Well I don’t know about you, but I’m not a medical person. I only know what I know through the treatment I’ve had for my Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (and it’s associated unfortunate side effects) and for my gallbladder attacks and subsequent gallbladder removal operation.

There are a lot of medical acronyms around, the same as there are for acronyms in the business or computer world for example did you know that TWAIN really means “Technology Without An Interesting Name” – interesting huh!?

I hope that some of the ones listed below now make your Doctor easier to understand when they go rambling on in their own “Doctor Speak” world…. if you know of any others I’ve not listed, then please let me know when you get a chance.

Other acronyms will be following….. there is a long list and it takes me a while to add it all in, please be patient – no pun intended of course!

Find out what the acronyms really mean…
Treatment Options
Blood Stimulating Factors
General Terminology

AAAplastic Anemia
ALLAcute Lymphocytic Leukemia (+3 subtypes according to morphology.L1-L3 and subtypes according to phenotype: T, pre-B, pre-pre-B, B)
AMLAcute Myeloid Leukaemia
AMMLAcute Myelo-Monocytic Leukaemia
ANLLAcute Non-Lymphocytic Leukemia (included in AML above)
APLAcute ProLymphocytic Leukaemia
APMLAcute Promyelocytic Leukemia
BCP-ALLB-cell Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
CLLChronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
CMLChronic Myeloid Leukemia (each has subtypes)
CNSLCentral Nervous System Lymphoma
HCLHairy Cell Leukemia
HDHodgkins Disease
MCLMantle Cell Lymphoma
MDSMyelodysplastic Syndrome (4 subtypes)
MFMycosis Fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
MMMultiple Myeloma
MPDMyeloproliferative Disorders
NHLNon-Hodgkins Lymphoma (many subtypes)
PRVPolycythemia Rubra Vera
WMWaldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia
Treatment Options
ABMTAutologous BMT – your own marrow
BMBBone Marrow Biopsy
BMTAllogeneic BMT- someone else’s marrow
MUDA transplant using a matched unrelated donor
PBPCPeripheral Blood Progenitor Cell Transplant (which is becoming the new standard term)
PBSCTPeripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant
PBSCRPeripheral Blood Stem Cell Rescue
PSCT or PSCRThe same as above without the word “blood.”
SBMTSyngeneic BMT- identical twin’s marrow
ACOBDoxorubicin, Cyclophosphamide, Vincristine, Bleomycin
dABVDDoxorubicin, Vinblastine, Bleomycin,DTIC
ATRAAll-Trans Retinoic Acid, or Vesanoid
BACOPBleomycin, Doxorubicin, Cyclophosphamide, Vincristine, Prednisone
BEAMBusulfan, Etoposid, Ara-c, Melphalan
BLEOBleomycin 2CdA – 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine (Generic name = Cladribine)
C-MOPPCyclophosphamide, Oncovin, Procarbazine,Prednisone
CHODCyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Dexamethasone
CHOPCyclophosphamide, Adriamycin, Vincristine, Prednisone
CHOP-BLEOCyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Prednisone and Bleomycin
CMFCyclophosphamide, Methotrexate, Fluorouacil
COPCyclophosphamide, Vincristine, Prednisone
COPP – CCNUVincristine, Procarbazine, Prednisone
CyACyclosporin A
DCF2-Deoxycoformycin (Pentostatin)
DTICDacarbazine, 5-(3,3-Dimethyl-1-Triazino) Imidazole-4- Carboxamide
EPOCHEtopside, Prednisone, Vincristine, Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), Adriamycin
FACFluorouacil, Adriamycin, Cyclophosphamide
FluFludarabine (Fludara)
IFNInterferon (comes in alpha2a, alpha 2b, human leukocyte, and beta– Another one “concensus” is still in trials)
ILInterleuken mBACOD Methotrexate, Bleomycin, Doxorubicin, Cyclophosphamide, Vincristine, Dexamethasone
MOPPNitrogen Mustard, Vincristine, Procarbazine, Prednisone
MTX or MM Methotrexate proMACE – Prednisone, Methotrexate with Leukovorin Rescue, Doxorubicin, Cyclophosphamide, Etoposide (VP-16)
Blood Stimulating Factors
EPOIETINErythropoietin (Epogen)– is used to stimulate red cell growth
G-CSFGranulocyte colony stimulating factor (Neupogen)- stimulates growth of white cells
GM-CSFGranulocyte Macrophage – colony stimulating factor (sargramostim)
NEUMEGAPlatelet stimulating factor
TPOIETINThrombopoietin – (platelet stimluating factor) –still in clinical trials
General Terminology
ALLOAllogenic (A type of transplant where someone donates the stem cells or bone marrow)
AUTOAutologous (A type of transplant where the patient’s own stem cells or bone marrow is used)
BA#Basophils (absolute value not % which is BA%)
Least common of the “normal” white cells.
BJPBence Jones Protein
Found in the blood and urine of patients with myeloma.
BMBBone Marrow Biopsy
BMTBone Marrow Transplant
B2MBeta 2 Microglobulin test. Beta-2-microglobulin is a protein found on all the surface of all cells and small amounts are shed into the serum.
B/PBlood Pressure
CCDRTCell Culture Drug Resistance Testing
CNSCentral Nervous System
CLLChronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (see also SLL which is the same disease)
CRComplete Remission
CRNComplete Remission with Nodular Pattern in Marrow
CRPC-Reactive Protein.
Produced in response to inflammation/infection.
CSClinical Stage
DICDisseminated Intravascular Coagulation
DNRDo Not Resuscitate
D&VDiarrhoea & Vomiting
EO#Eosinophils (absolute value not % which is EO%)
Usually involve in allergic responses and defence
against parasitic infections.
EPOIETINErythropoietin (Epogen)– is used to stimulate red cell growth
ESRErythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
Outdated test largely superceded by the CRP, but still some usefulness to monitor and diagnose some conditions.
EtOHBasically means “alcoholic” the literal term is “excess alcohol” (ethanol is the chemical term for the type of alcohol which is safe(r) to drink, as opposed to methaol, propanol, butanol, etc, etc, and an -OH side group is an alcohol group, hence the “EtOH” is ethanol)
FBCFull Blood Count
FISHFluorescence In Situ Hybridization.It is a test used to detect chromosone abnormalities in cells and has been used to test lymphocytes in CLL. The results help to predict the prognosis for a particular patient
G-CSFGranulocyte – Colony Stimulating Factor (Neupogen)- stimulates growth of white cells
GM-CSFGranulocyte Macrophage – Colony Stimulating Factor (sargramostim)
GvHDGraft vs Host Disease
GVLGraft vs Leukemia or Graft vs Lymphoma
HCTHematocrit. The percentage of red blood cells in the blood. A low hematocrit measurement indicates anemia.
HDHeavy Duty or Hodgkin’s Disease
HDCHigh Dose Chemotherapy–often used to condition one before a BMT or PBSCT
HLAHuman Leukocyte Antigen.
IgImmunoglobulin (IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM)
IV BolusIntravenous – placed directly into a vein – all in one go
IV DripGradual
LY#Lymphocytes (absolute value not % which is LY%)
Help fight viral infections.
Mab or MoAbMonoclonal Antibodies (i.e. Campath-1H, Rituxan, Bexxar)
MALTMucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (a type of lymphoma)
MCVMean Cell Volume (refers to RBCs)
May indicate Iron Deficiency Anaemia or Thalassaemia if Low. May indicate B12 or Folate deficiency (or chronic alcoholism) if High
MO#Monocytes (absolute value not % which is MO%)
Help neutrophils. Sometimes regarded as the circulating form of macrophages.
MOABMonoclonal Antibody (Drugs like Rituxan, Zevalin, Bexxar, Lymphocide etc)
MPVMean Platelet Volume
MUDMatched Unrelated Donor of bone marrow
NBMNil By Mouth
NE#Neutrophils (absolute value not % which is NE%)
Help fight bacterial infections.
NeumegaA platelet growth factor
NRNodular Remission (nodules of cancer cells remain in the marrow, but there are less than 10% cancer cells throughout)
NRBCNucleated Red Blood Cells, affectionately called “Nurbs”.
OROverall Remission
PBSPhosphate Buffered Saline
PBSCPeripheral Blood Stem Cell
PBSCRPeripheral Blood Stem Cell Rescue same as PBSCT
PBSCTPeripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant
PICCPeripherally Inserted Central Catheter
PRPartial Remission
RBCRed Blood Count
RCFRed Cell Folate
RXPrescribed Medication or also used for Radiotherapy
SCTStem Cell Transplant (same thing as PBSCT)
SLLSmall lymphocytic lymphoma (see also CLL which is the same disease)
TATTTired All The Time
THRTotal Hip Replacement
TKRTotal Knee Replacement
TPOIETINThrombopoietin – (platelet stimluating factor)
TxPrescription Medication or Treatments or also used for Transplant
WBCWhite Blood Count
WBC/HPFWhite Blood Cells counted per high powered field
WDWell Differentiated
WWWatch and Wait (also called Watch and Worry)
XRTExternal Radiation Therapy

Diseases, Treatment Options, Chemotherapies, Blood Stimulating Factors
and General Terminology
© Reproduced from an article in BMT-Talk, January 1999

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